Pardubice, my home town
Pardubice is my hometown. That’s why I decided to start with it. Besides, it is also the largest and the capital of my region. Let’s take a look in history. The oldest existing document about Pardubice comes from 1295. The area had a monastery founded in the 2nd half of the 13th century and the city was founded in 1340. In 1491, Pardubice was bought by William II of Pernstein. This was the period of the biggest boom of Pardubice. From this time, for example, there is castle. You could also read about the Pernštejn family in my first article on St. Catherine’s Chapel at Kunětická hora. Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy.Another important milestone of history for Pardubice is 1845. In 1845, the first train arrived to Pardubice. This meant another city boom and a much better connection with the surrounding area. New industrial enterprises started to emerge in the town, namely a distillery, a factory for mill machines of Josef Prokop and sons and Fanta’s Factory. Since 1874, the Great Pardubice Steeplechase (Velká Pardubická) horse race has taken place every autumn (second Sunday in October).On 13 May 1911, Ing. Jan Kašpar made history by flying the first long-haul flight towards Prague.In Pardubice, industrial expansion was on the rise, especially after the First World War. However, during the Second World War the town was damaged by air strikes of the Allies. Pardubice is situated on the bank of the second longest river in the Czech Republic – the Labe River, and is located 100 km east of the capital city of Prague, 150 km north-west of Brno. Average elevation of 225m and its area is 78 km2. Pardubice is called the city of industry. The dominant industries are chemical industry, electrical engineering and mechanical engineering. The chemical industry is mainly represented by a company Paramo and Synthesia, which was founded in Pardubice-Semtín as a stock factory for explosive substances. Pardubice is also a city of sport. The most popular sport here is probably ice hockey. We have a team in the highest league (and our team is there for the longest time). We also have a football team in the second Czech league. The popular sport of our youth is also a dance of all kinds. For passive sport I recommend going to some hockey match. An excellent sporting experience is also mentioned above Great Pardubice or Gold helmet (motorbike). Pardubice is also a city of culture. There are many galleries (the most famous is the U Jonáš Gallery), the museum (part of the castle). During the year many cultural events. Cultural lovers will not be bored here, and whoever they are looking for will find it. We’re finally going to my favorite places. The first place here is Perstské Square. The original mildly sandy hill was flattened after a fire in 1507. The square was first called the rynk, until the middle of the 19th century, when it took on the new name Main Square. In 1918, the square was named after Vilém of Pernštejn and this name was changed in the 1950s to the so-called Pernštýnské Square. Houses on Pernstyn Square still adorn the Renaissance lining and the portals of burnt clay. Among the most valuable monuments are the „U Jonáše“ House (galery) and the Neo-Renaissance Town Hall.You will find plenty of bars and restaurants. There is also a town hall and a library. Among the landmarks is the Green Gate. It was originally gold, but it grew green due to corrosion. From Pernstyn Square there are lots of nice streets that I like to walk through. In good weather it is a very nice walk. One of these streets will also lead you to the Pardubice Chateau. Here you can go to the museum, to the expositions, to the cafeteria or to the valley. Of the more modern buildings I like the buildings of the Automatic Mills. It hosts various cultural events such as exibitions and concerts. If you want to relax after a walk, I recommend some of our cafes. For example, Tyr’s sets (located under the castle) hide a beautiful café “Galerie cafe park Pardubice”.