Happy birthday, Republic!
Day 28 October is an important day of Czech (and Slovak) history. 100 years ago, the Czechoslovak Republic was founded here! And even though we are no longer one, we recall this day year after year. It’s also an official national holiday. The year has come together a year and our republic has a hundred years. And the celebrations were really spectacular.
On this day, we officially ceased to fall under the Habsburg monarchy and become an independent democratic nation. It did not come just from day to day. Efforts for autonomy under the Habsburg monarchy have been here since the mid-19th century. But they have never been heard. The events of the early twentieth century (mainly the First World War) led to this great step of the Czechs and Slovaks.
Our first president was Tomas Garrigue Masaryk. What is interesting is that it was not clear from the outset whether the newly formed state department will become a republic. The aforementioned Masaryk even sought a suitable monarch for the throne for one time. He sought them among the English nobility. One of the members of the National Committee was for change for admission to Tsarist Russia. But finally, the vote of the exile government and the National Committee was clear – Czechoslovakia would be the Republic!
The people filled perhaps all the larger squares, and they celebrated new events. Our president was elected by acclamation – a loud calling of consent by a larger group of people. A hundred years later, we did not elect the President by acclamation, but the celebrations were similar. Which means enormous.
So what could you see in this day in Prague?
Opera Libuše in the National theater
The author of this opera, Smetana, appointed Libuše to perform on ceremonial occasions concerning the life of the Czech society, which began to significantly and tactfully emancipate after 1860 on the level of cultural, political and economic. Such an opportunity became an extremely important opening of the National Theater for the Czech society, first in 1881 temporary and two years later definitive. So it is no wonder that this iconic opera was also heard during the celebration of 100 years of the republic.
Reopening the National Museum
The major event is the reopening of the historic building of the National Museum after a general overhaul of 42 months and subsequent phenomenal projection. Until the end of 2018, the entrance to the historic building of the National Museum is free of charge, including accompanying programs. To celebrate the 100th anniversary of Czechoslovakia, there is an exhibition which, over 1,000 square meters, maps not only all the key moments of the turbulent 20th century in Czechoslovakia, but also the concrete destinies of ordinary people and their lives.
Concert of Czech Radio – The greatest hits of the century
As part of the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of Czechoslovakia, Czech Radio has prepared a special concert at Staromestske namesti in Prague from 14:00. Within this framework, the winner of the poll declared 100 hits of the Republic, which took place among the Czech Radio Two. All this with the presence of the real legends of the Czech music scene – for example Lucie Bílá, Karel Gott, Marta Kubišová, Eva Pilarová, Jiří Suchý, Jaroslav Uhlíř, Helena Vondráčková and others.
Of course, there was more to it. It was a spectacular event. So over the next 100 years again?