Great Pyramid – how old really? ARCHAEOLOGY NEWSFLASH 523a
“Well, how old is the Great Pyramid?” asked Rick. “Some say it is
10,000 years old, long before Egypt was founded, while others say
it is much younger.”
Evidence. that’s what Rick wanted. In fact, I do receive quite a
few emails asking this same question.
So, if you were wondering, here are some fascinating facts.
DATING OF GREAT PYRAMID
Some scientists contend that the Great Pyramid itself tells the date
of its construction (foundation).
HOW OLD IS THE GREAT PYRAMID?
In the 19th century, the Astronomer Royal of Scotland, Professor
Piazzi Smyth, spent 6 months camped near the Great Pyramid. He went
to work with the mind of a Master Astronomer to solve some of the
pyramid’s mysteries. Smyth explored the Descending Passage which
pointed upward to the sky on the pyramid’s northern face. He found
that it was set at an angle of 26 deg. 18 min. 10 sec.
The eminent Sir John Herschel had discovered that this Descending
Passage pointed to a Constellation of stars known as Draconis (“The
Dragon”). With careful astronomical calculation, Smyth now confirmed
While in the Descending Passage, Smyth was excited to find two “Scored
Lines”, which pointed upwards at right angles. These indicated to an
astronomer to examine their direction in the sky.
These “Scored Lines” were about 4 feet long. Smyth was amazed at their
precision. Having long been an astronomical transit observer, he felt
that he was in the familiar surroundings of an observatory! Calculating
carefully, he found that these “Scored Lines” pointed upwards, through
the Pyramid, to the star Alcyone in the constellation known as “The
Alcyone was regarded as the PIVOT of the solar system, around which all
other “fixed stars” appear to revolve. It was called “The Central One”.
Professor Smyth made an exciting discovery. At the SAME TIME that the
Descending Passage was pointing to the POLE Star (Alpha Draconis), these
“Scored Lines” were pointing to Alcyone, the “PIVOT” star. That
conjunction took place on September 22nd, 2144 B.C.
ALCYONE – THE “FOUNDATION STAR”
Here, fixed into the pyramid’s construction, was a definite date – 2144 BC.
In the absence of evidence to the contrary, we may now ask, could the
“scored line” indicate 2144 BC as defining the EPOCH OF THE PYRAMID’S
And now a remarkable fact comes into play. Tradition from the Euphrates
region (Mesopotamia) seems to identify Alcyone with the ceremony of
FOUNDATION-LAYING. This is significant when you discover that the Pyramid
builders have been traced to a Euphratean origin.
Furthermore, a researcher into ancient astronomy informs us that “Alaparos
(the second of the ten antediluvian kings of Euphratean legend) is equated
with Alcyone (Tauri).
The Euphratean astronomical abbreviation of the Sign is Te or Tete, the
highly abraded form of the Akkadian dimmena (‘foundationstone’) = Assyrian,
The ‘Foundation’star (Temennu) is the Pleiad, or particularly Alcyone.”
(Brown, Primitive Constellations, vol. 1, p.57)
Was the pointer to Alcyone the “FOUNDATION Star” fixed in stone to record
the date of the “FOUNDATION” of the Pyramid? A strong probability.
The “scored line” defines actual observations at midnight of two successive
Autumn Equinoxes, that of 2145 BC. and that of 2144 BC. These observations
fix the astronomical zero for reckoning of days, as associated with midnight.
They likewise define the commencement of the Pyramid’s solar year at the
DATE OF THE GREAT
FLOOD ALSO DEFINED
According to researcher Basil Stewart, the Egyptian “Book of the Dead”,
suggested that the Ascending Passages would represent “years for inches” in
the Pyramid. (Stewart, The Mystery of the Great Pyramid, pp 17-19)
From the “Scored Lines” of 2144 BC, the passage was measured – until at 200
inches a dark granite plug was reached. Calculating on the “inch to the year”
scale, this brought interesting results.
If these 200 inches truly represented 200 years, then the conclusion was
astonishing. Why? Because going back 200 years before 2144 BC takes us back to
the date the Great Flood ended in 2344 BC!
Had this dark plug been set in place to symbolize the darkness which came over
the earth at that time?
Then emerged something almost as startling.
The star group Aquarius (“the Waterman”) was also found to be featuring in the
astronomy of the Pyramid. Ancient peoples associated AQUARIUS with the waters
of the GREAT FLOOD.
The accepted date for the ending of the Great Flood is 2344 BC. And – was it
by coincidence or by design – the SAME “Scored Lines” that pointed to Alcyone
the Foundation Star in 2144 BC, also pointed to the precise spot in the sky
where AQUARIUS would have been directly overhead in 2344 BC!
Just think about that.
I am NOT saying that the Great Pyramid was already built before the Flood,
with its “scored lines” standing there pointing to Aquarius while the Flood
was on. No, the pyramid was built AFTER the Great Flood. (Its measurements
incorporate the length of the new, post-Flood 365¼ day year, and NOT the
pre-Flood 360 day year.) And the “scored lines” were positioned to commemorate
an event that had already occurred.
Let it be understood that I am not endorsing such things as predictions of the
future in pyramid measurements, as some do. We are simply attesting to some
known facts of history.
THE HISTORIC WAR
BETWEEN GOOD AND EVIL
The ancient races believed that the devil (represented by a serpent, or dragon)
had hijacked Planet Earth and entrapped mankind into rebellion against the
Creator. They also recorded this understanding in the pictures of the
constellations on their star maps.
In 2144 BC, ThubanAlpha of the DRACONIS Constellation (representing the DRAGON,
identified as representing SATAN) shone down the Descending Passage towards the
so-called “Bottomless Pit” at the bottom. In the ancient world, Satan (Lucifer)
was understood to have caused man’s descent to darkness, desolation and death.
That star of the Dragon constellation, shining over the Descending Passage,
symbolised SATANIC INFLUENCE.
By contrast the “Scored Lines” pointed to the PLEIADES which symbolised a
sweetening influence. Hence in the old book of Job we read:
Can you bind the SWEET INFLUENCES of Pleiades? (Job 38:31)
In ancient traditions, the Pleiades star group was associated with benign
influence and blessedness.
So in this sense, the Great Pyramid encapsulates the struggle between Good and
Evil. Did they see the uplifting influence of the Pleiades as a symbol of the
Creator’s intervention to save man from the results of his own folly? Was this
a message that man need not be always on a slippery downward path but can look
This much is certain. The ancient world was very conscious of the two opposing
forces behind world events.
The influence of Evil, well illustrated by the Descending Passage with the
Dragon Constellation shining down it, was depicted by writers such as Isaiah:
How you are fallen,.. O Lucifer [The Dragon]. For you have said in your
heart, ‘I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit . . .
in the sides of the NORTH.’
(Isaiah 14: 1215)
ThubanAlpha, shining over it, is situated on the NORTH face of the Great Pyramid!
Modern Astronomy has confirmed that midnight, September 22nd, 2144 BC, was the
date when Alcyone of the “sweet” Pleiades was in position over the “Scored Lines”,
just at the same time when Thuban-Alpha of the “evil” Draconis was shining down
the Descending Passage to the “Pit”.
Thus Astronomy gives a date which may have great significance for the Great
CALENDAR CLUES TO THE
AGE OF THE GREAT PYRAMID
The ancient calendars had a 360 day year. In harmony with this, the earth was
divided into 360 degrees. The ancient Chinese calendar was 360 days long. So was
the Babylonian. And the Roman. And the Mayan. And the Indian. And the Egyptian.
But later, every nation changed its calendar.
This rearrangement of the calendars in antiquity has long been a puzzle to scholars.
Why did ALL those ancient nations change their calendars from years of 360 days to
365 ¼ days?
BECAUSE THEY LATER GOT CLEVER – OR IS THERE ANOTHER REASON?
My neighbour Rob Payne thought he had come up with the answer. “Oh, I can explain
that,” he said. “The ancients first proposed a rough system of yearly count, and
later, when their mathematical knowledge increased, they refined it.”
Nice try, Rob. Except we’ve now discovered that those ancient peoples were already
excellent astronomers and mathematicians – yes, even when they created the 360 day
For example, the Maya have left us some of their calculations. They computed the
synodal period of the moon as 29.5209 days, as accurately as we can calculate today
with our sophisticated equipment. Their degree of accuracy would surely not have
been less for the year.
Now let me ask you: Why would so many cultures in such widely scattered regions
of the world all have made the very same mistake for the length of the year, and
then all rectify it in the same way?
I know some folk like to think the Great Pyramid of Egypt is much older. But
realistically, there is good reason to believe that it was built within a few
hundred years after the Flood. The Great Pyramid accurately stands in the centre
of the land surface of the earth as it NOW exists and must have existed at the
time the pyramid was built.
It could be called a huge planet marker, a giant survey post. It marks both the
longitude and latitude at which there is more land and less sea than at any other
meridian on earth. Evidently the builders were well acquainted with the exact
amount of land on the surface of the earth as it existed AFTER the Flood (not
before), as well as its geographical distribution.. This suggests that results
of the post-Flood global survey were already in.
It would also explain why the NEW LENGTH OF THE YEAR was also incorporated into
the measurements of the Great Pyramid.
The external features, dimensions and units of this pyramid together give
precisely and accurately every essential value of the earth’s PRESENT motions
and orbit – not the PREVIOUS one that existed before 2345 BC.
This identifies the Great Pyramid as a post-Flood structure. Definitely not
For example, intentionally or by accident, the circuit distance around its base,
measured direct from corner to corner, is 36,524.22 primitive inches. This is
exactly 100 times 365.2422 – the value in days of our solar year.
Even though the calendar was still 360 days long.
This is so astonishing, we must take off our hats to those early post-Flood
scientists. They were ahead of us in many ways. There was no rough count; it
was precise to the ten thousandth of a decimal point.
WHAT REALLY HAPPENED
A tablet discovered at Tanus in the Nile Delta in 1866 reveals that in the
ninth year of Ptolemy Euergetes (c. 237 BC), the priests at Canopus decreed
that it was “necessary to harmonise the calendar according to the present
arrangement of the world.”
The reason the ancients gave for the re-calculated calendars was not that they
were in error, nor that they had improved on more primitive techniques. It was
that there was a “changed order of things.”
And with each passing century, the calendar misalignment had become more
The nations that sprang up after the Flood with a ready-made culture, inherited
their knowledge basically from the world that was wiped out at the Deluge. They
continued where Noah left off. They inherited, along with everything else, the
antedeluvian (pre-Flood) calendar of 360 days.
Was there, at the time of the Deluge, a change not only in the planet’s axis, but
a change in its orbit, which in turn caused the lengthened year?
It does bring to mind that curious biblical reference to the Creator, who was
believed to “move the earth out of her place.” (Isaiah 13:13)
The Great Pyramid constructed in 10,500 BC? No, not before 2144 BC. So much for
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International explorer, archaeologist and author
Jonathan Gray has traveled the world to gather
data on ancient mysteries. He has penetrated
some largely unexplored areas, including parts
of the Amazon headwaters. The author has also
led expeditions to the bottom of the sea and to
remote mountain and desert regions of the world.
He lectures internationally.