The San Dimitri Chapel in Gharb, Gozo.

The San Dimitri Chapel in Gharb, Gozo.

 

Besides the main cathedral in the old Maltese capital of Mdina (named Medina by the Moorish Arabs during their lengthy sojourn in Malta and Gozo but also known as Citta Vecchia (‘the Old City’ in Latin), there is also St John’s Co-Cathedral in Valletta and of course the walled cathedral in Gozo surrounded by the Cittadella (a mini-city) fortifications.

St Paul's Anglican Cathedral in Valletta.

St Paul’s Anglican Cathedral in Valletta.

However, if you want to solicit a religious prayer in Malta, by no means should you despair. A recent stone-count concluded there are at least 400 (yes, four hundred) different churches and chapels in Malta and Gozo (all Roman Catholic mind you), besides a glut of private household chapels in splendid medieval buildings, priories, convents, hospitals, clinics, colleges, schools and the airport multi-denomination chapel.

The Annunciation Chapel in Lija.

The Annunciation Chapel in Lija.

That’s not at all bad going for two of the Mediterranean’s smallest islands packed into a limited area of 316 square kilometres.

 

Many of these are over 200 and 300 years old and a small number stretch back to a 500 year history. If it be your wish you can solicit a prayer in a different church/chapel for a whole year of 365 days and 366 in a Leap Year for good measure and with a number to spare for the following year.

Our Lady of Mercy Chapel in Qrendi.

Our Lady of Mercy Chapel in Qrendi.

Of course, not all of them are open every day and a great number of them are permanently closed because even the Maltese Curia cannot nowadays provide the clerical human resource or the financial resource to man and maintain them all!

 

With the threat of Moorish or Turkish invasions always prevalent for centuries, places of worship were mainly built in fortified villages. When that threat ebbed in the 17th Century, chapels sprang up in every conceivable locality for any possible occasion.

 No protection from civil immunity!

No protection from civil immunity!

The Church then operated a Customer First policy. Farmers in remote areas working their own small fields were urged to construct their own local chapels at a time when it was obligatory to pray three times daily – that is the early morning Angelus heralding a new day, the noon prayer and the evening Benediction closing the day. Hearing a daily Holy Mass was virtually obligatory as monks or priests from nearby villages walked or rode mules to service these remote chapels.

 Greek Orthodox Church, Valletta.

Greek Orthodox Church, Valletta.

Some of them have simply splendid architectural design and were internally endowed with velvet-clad columns, silver ornaments and rich paintings into which 20 or so people could fit at a squeeze – not mingling of course but women to the left (where the devil was reputed to walk!) and men to the right (being righteous!).

Not one, but two, the twin chapels of the Nativity and the other dedicated to St Lucy, at Naxxar.

Not one, but two, the twin chapels of the Nativity and the other dedicated to St Lucy, at Naxxar.

Sadly, now many have fallen into disuse and disrepair. Centuries of weather pounding have taken their toll and over the years many were burgled or pilfered. However, many still have the marble plaque stating “Non Gode l’Immunita’ Ecclesiatica” meaning the chapel does not offer Ecclesiastical Immunity from civil arrest, an attempt to deter criminals seeking sanctuary.

 

One of my favourite chapels is that dedicated to San Dimitri (St. Demetrius) located remotely in north Gozo, built on a hill overlooking the blue Mediterranean Sea. Legend has it that in the 15th Century an old woman named Natalizja (Natalie) Cauchi and nicknamed “Zgugina” was at home one stormy night with her son Matthew when Barbary pirates attacked their farm.

Over 400 chapels and chuirches in Malta and Gozo.

Over 400 chapels and chuirches in Malta and Gozo.

Matthew was taken prisoner and made to board a Barbary galley which headed out to sea, taking him to a life of slavery. The woman ran to the nearby San Dimitri Chapel and fervently threw herself in front of a painting of the saint and supplicated him to save her son in exchange for which she would light an oil lamp of devotion to the saint every day.

 

Dimitri heard her pleas and is said to have moved out of the painting on his horse and rode off over the tossing waves and soon returned with Matthew in his arms. Before Dimitri re-entered the painting his horse’s hoof left an imprint in the rock.

Many chapels like this stretch back to the 17th Century.

Many chapels like this stretch back to the 17th Century.

Natalizja kept her word and lit an oil lamp every day, a tradition maintained by her offsprings and their offsprings. Then many years later, an earthquake struck the rock on which the chapel stood. The chapel – intact – fell into the sea but the lamp was not extinguished and continued to burn at the bottom of the sea. Sailors and fishermen later continued to vouch that at night they could see the lamp shining brightly from the depths.

 

Naturally, a new chapel which stands today had to be built.

Painting of the Salina chapel.

Painting of the Salina chapel.

However, times have changed. Sixty and years ago when clerics from pulpits railed about eternal damnation and assured congregations that Satan maintained hellish underground fires at a steady 1,000F degrees, church attendance stood at 99.999%. A latest church census in 2014 shows this attendance to have dropped to 60% and in 2013 even further. The fires have cooled – somewhat.

 

Above all these, the list of prayer fonts is by no means exhausted. Valletta has an Anglican Cathedral and a Church of Scotland as well as a Greek Orthodox Church. There is also an Anglican Church in Sliema. Prayer halls of various Christian sects have appeared here and there and in Paola there is a large Muslim mosque and school. In Ta’Xbiex there is also a facility that serves as a Jewish Synagogue. Above all, and not to be overlooked there are Malta’s stone-age temples at Hagar Qim, Mnajdra and at Ggantija in Gozo which in the mists of time were dedicated to pagan worship.

Caricature of Zabbar chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Graces.

Caricature of Zabbar chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Graces.

The rock known as Filfla just off the south coast of Malta was regarded as a sacred island and was probably worshipped from the Hagar Qim Temple which may have been built with Filfla in its sights.

 

Do all these make Malta and Gozo the most religious piece of terrain in the world….probably! Does this make Malta and Gozo stern islands ruled by religious discipline? Far, far, from it. Malta has the most advanced and updated LGBT legislation in the whole of the EU with specific gay, lesbian, transexual and transgender rights as well as the right of divorce. However, abortion is strictly prohibited and is greatly opposed by most sectors of society.

Rich heritage of antique architecture, paintings and embellishments.

Rich heritage of antique architecture, paintings and embellishments.

 

ALBERT FENECH

 Countryside peace and tranquility.

Countryside peace and tranquility.

 

 

 

 

 

About Albert Fenech

Born in 1946, Albert Fenech’s family took up UK residence in 1954 where he spent his boyhood and youth before temporarily returning to Malta between 1957 and 1959 and then coming back to Malta permanently in 1965. He spent eight years as a full-time journalist with “The Times of Malta” before taking up a career in HR Management but still retained his roots by actively pursuing freelance journalism and broadcasting for various media outlets covering social issues, current affairs, sports and travel.